The thyroid is a small butterfly shaped gland inside the neck, just above the collarbone, in front of the breathing airway, or trachea, and below the larynx, or voice box. Its function is to secrete thyroid hormones that help regulate metabolism, the way body uses energy, iodine from food to make two thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). The numbers refer to the amount of atoms of iodine contained in the hormones. T3 is the more powerful while T4 is released by the thyroid in larger amounts, but is mostly converted to T3 in the liver and kidneys. The thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary, which is located at the base of the brain and affects it by producing a hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which prompts the thyroid to release more T4 and T3.
The effect of T3 and T4 is to increase the basal metabolic rate of almost all the cells in the body to increase the fat and carbohydrate metabolism boost protein synthesis increase heart rate and blood flow to other organs. It also regulates the heart and the brain for normal reproductive functioning, also has some other structures that are important in bone and calcium metabolism.
The pituitary has special cells that are very sensitive to levels of thyroid hormone in the blood. If too low, it secretes a hormone called thyrotrophic stimulating hormone (TSH). This in turn stimulates the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone. When the level of thyroid hormone in the blood goes back to normal, the pituitary stops producing extra TSH. If there’s too much thyroid hormone in the blood: the pituitary release less TSH, and the thyroid makes less thyroid hormone. The hypothalamus has a hand in this too. It can stimulate or suppress TSH production from the pituitary, with a hormone released from the hypothalamus in response to environmental changes from the brain, called thyroid releasing hormone (TRH). The whole system is sometimes called the ‘hypothalamic -pituitary thyroid axis’.
Iodine is found in most foods and is especially prevalent in seafood and dairy products. It’s often added to foods in the form of salt too. However, some mountainous areas have soil that is low in iodine. As a result, foods grown there is iodine deficient. Thyroid hormones influence almost every organ system in the body. They tell organs how fast or slow they should work. Thyroid hormones also regulate oxygen and the production of heat.
Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid becomes overactive and releases too much T3 and T4 into the blood. The following symptoms notices; leads to higher rate of physical as well as mental activity, sweating, excessive nervousness, insomnia, diarrhea, amenorrhea, exophthalmos, condition in which eyes bulge abnormally, can make you lose weight, despite an increased appetite, nervousness, agitation and anxiety, tiredness, speed up heart rate, tremor of the hands, sweating and makes very sensitive to heat, and can lead to liver damage and heart failure.
Hypothyroidism can also be caused by a lack of iodine in the diet, which prevents the thyroid from making enough hormones. Sometimes it can arise when part, or all, of the thyroid has been removed for treatment of cancer or hyperthyroidism. It can also go with other inflammatory conditions of the thyroid. But sometimes, the disease destroys so much thyroid tissue that the gland can’t produce enough thyroid hormone. As a result, hypothyroidism sets in. Symptoms include: lethargy and fatigue, feeling cold (even on warm days), unusual weight gain, depression, reduced concentration (brain fog), puffiness of the face, hair loss and thin or brittle hair, dry skin, constipation, goiter, slow speech, slow reflexes, poor memory, mental retardation, anovulation, which can cause irregular or infrequent periods •heavy or prolonged bleeding, which can also be caused by anovulation.
According to the energy concept of ACUPUNCTURE Onnuri SuJok, in either case energy of Heat excess or deficient is manifested. One should get the Acupuncture treatment – as it can help improve the overall health of thyroid gland as well as other emotional aspects such as stress, anxiety, anger and frustration, which are often associated with the thyroid gland problems either overactive or under active, in both the cases vital energy is in disharmony. The remission of the disease can be achieved and medicament’s therapy simultaneously can be reduced or eliminated altogether. The course of treatment is definitely uneventful. To aid in the symptoms one may put colors with permanent marker pen, in case of hypo only red dots and in case of hyper only black dots! Do keep informed the outcome.
smile notion; http://onnurimedicine.me ‘Dr.Dinesh kapur’
To your wellbeing, smile life! Enjoy.